The Differences Between Farming and Gardening: Which is Right for You?

Are you considering starting a garden or farm but can’t seem to decide which one is right for you? Farming vs. gardening– which way to go? Both farming and gardening involve growing and harvesting plants, but they differ in several aspects.

So before getting your hands dirty with either of them, let’s explore the differences between them and see which suits your interests, lifestyle, and goals better!

Overview: Farming Vs. Gardening

Farming and gardening are two popular ways to grow food, but they differ greatly. Farming is a commercial activity, while gardening is more of a hobby. Farmers use large machines to plant and harvest their crops, while gardeners typically use their hands. Farmers grow crops for sale, while gardeners usually grow food for themselves or their families.

Farming typically requires a large amount of land, while gardening can be done in smaller spaces. Farming is also more expensive because of the equipment and labor needed, whereas gardening is typically much cheaper. Farmers use specialized seeds and fertilizers to maximize their yield, but gardeners usually rely on natural methods for growing plants.

What Is Farming

What Is Farming?

Farming is the process of growing crops and raising livestock for food, fiber, and other products. It includes activities such as plowing, planting, harvesting, and caring for animals.

Farming generally requires more land and labor than gardening, often using more intensive methods to produce larger crops. For example, farmers may use mechanized equipment to plant and harvest their crops and use chemical fertilizers and pesticides to boost crop yields.

The type of farming that you choose will depend on many factors, including your available land and labor resources, your desired output (for example, food or ornamental plants), and your personal preferences. If you have more land and are looking to produce larger crops or livestock, farming is likely a better choice.

What Is Gardening?

If you have limited space and time but still want to grow your own food, gardening may be your perfect hobby. Gardening is a form of agriculture that involves growing plants for food, ornamentation, or other purposes, usually in a backyard or other small plot of land. Gardeners typically use manual labor to grow plants in smaller spaces, using organic methods such as composting to fertilize the soil.

You can grow various fruits, vegetables, and flowers in your garden, and there’s nothing quite like the satisfaction of eating something you’ve grown yourself. Gardening also gives you the opportunity to spend time outdoors and get some exercise.

However, gardening can be much work. Your garden can quickly become overrun with weeds if you’re not careful. You also have to be diligent about watering and fertilizing your plants, especially during the hot summer months. If you travel frequently or don’t have much time to dedicate to your garden, it may not be your best hobby.

Differences Between Farming and Gardening

Farming and gardening are often confused with one another, but there are actually some key differences between the two.

For one, farming is generally done on a much larger scale than gardening, and farmers typically grow crops that will be sold commercially. Gardening, on the other hand, is often done on a smaller scale and for personal use.

Additionally, farmers typically use heavy machinery to help with planting and harvesting, while gardeners typically rely on their own two hands.

Another big difference is that farmers typically use pesticides and other chemicals to protect their crops, while gardeners often avoid these products.

Finally, farmers generally grow crops that are sold for food or animal feed, while gardeners often grow decorative plants or plants with medicinal purposes.

When Does a Garden Become a Farm?

A farm is an agricultural land where crops are grown for commercial purposes. A garden is a piece of land used for cultivation, typically surrounding a house.

So, when does a garden become a farm? It really depends on the scale of the operation and the intent of the individual gardener or farmer. For some people, a farm is simply any piece of land where crops are grown. For others, a farm must be large enough to support commercial activity.

Ultimately, it’s up to the person growing the crops to decide whether their garden is a farm or not.

Pros And Cons of Farming


  • Farming can be a profitable business venture.
  • You are able to provide food and other products for yourself and your community.
  • You will have access to a variety of fresh, organic produce.
  • You can work with nature to create a sustainable lifestyle for yourself and your family.
  • Farming is an excellent way to connect with the land and the environment around you.
  • You will enjoy being part of a close-knit farming community and learning traditional agricultural practices from experienced farmers.
  • Watching your crops grow and thrive in an environment you created and nurtured with your hands can be very rewarding.
  • There are many opportunities to sell surplus produce or make value-added products such as preserves, jams, jellies, etc., which can provide additional income sources for the farmer or family farm operation.


  • Farming requires a significant investment in terms of money, land, equipment, and labor hours devoted to caring for crops and animals.
  • The cost of entry for beginning farmers is often too high for some people to get started in this type of business venture without outside help or financial backing.
  • Weather and environmental conditions can greatly impact crop yields and overall success, making farming a riskier business venture than other types of businesses.
  • The farming lifestyle is often isolating and lonely, although there are many opportunities to work with other farmers in your area to share resources and knowledge.
  • There is the potential for long-term damage to soil fertility due to the overuse of chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
  • Pest infestations, weeds, and disease can reduce crop yields drastically or even destroy an entire season’s worth of work if not addressed quickly enough.

Pros And Cons of Gardening


  • Gardening is a great way to get outside and enjoy nature. You can also spend quality time with family or friends in the garden.
  • Gardening helps you become more self-sufficient by growing your own food and herbs.
  • It’s a great way to reduce stress and promote relaxation while improving mental health.
  • Gardening has environmental benefits, such as reducing air pollution, decreasing water usage, and providing habitats for wildlife.
  • It’s a form of exercise that can help improve strength, balance, flexibility, endurance, coordination, and other physical skills.


  • Gardening can be time-consuming and require a lot of planning and maintenance to ensure success.
  • It can be difficult to find the right soil type for certain plants in some areas, which can limit what you are able to grow in your garden successfully.
  • Pests can be an issue for some gardens if not properly managed or treated correctly with natural pest control methods or chemical products when necessary.
  • The weather can sometimes be unpredictable, which could affect the growth of plants and cause crop failure in some cases.
  • It can be expensive to purchase the necessary materials and tools needed to maintain a garden, such as quality soil, tools, and plants.

Factors To Consider When Choosing Between Farming and Gardening

Factors To Consider When Choosing Between Farming and Gardening

The first factor to consider is what you want to grow. Farming typically focuses on crops, while gardening focuses on vegetables and fruits. Farming is likely the better option if you have a specific crop in mind. However, gardening is probably a better fit if you’re more interested in growing your own food for personal consumption.

Another factor to consider is the amount of space you have available. Farming requires many lands, whereas gardening can be done in even the smallest of spaces. If you have limited space available, gardening is definitely the better option.

Finally, think about the level of commitment you’re willing to make. Farming requires significant time and effort, whereas gardening is generally much less labor-intensive. If you’re not sure you’re ready to make such a big commitment, gardening might be a better choice.

What Crops Are Best Suited for Farming Vs. Gardening?

There are many factors to consider when deciding whether to grow crops for farming or gardening. Climate, soil type, and water availability are just a few of the things that can impact what will grow best in any given area. In general, though, crops like wheat, corn, and soybeans are better suited for farming, while fruits and vegetables are better suited for gardening.

Of course, there are always exceptions to the rule. Some farmers have had success growing fruits and vegetables, while some gardeners have been able to grow grains successfully and other crops typically associated with farming. It really just depends on the individual circumstances.

If you’re considering starting a farm or garden, it’s important to research beforehand to figure out what will work best in your particular case. But in general, crops like wheat, corn, and soybeans are better suited for farming, while fruits and vegetables are better suited for gardening. In terms of what crops are best suited for each method, it also depends on your goals and preferences.

What Resources Are Needed for Each Activity?

The most important resource for any agricultural activity is land. Land must be sufficient to support the crops or livestock being raised. The second most important resource is water. Irrigation systems are required for farming, and an adequate water supply is essential for both farming and gardening. Other important resources include labor, equipment, and buildings.

Labor is necessary to plant, cultivate, and harvest crops. Farm workers may be hired, or family members may be drafted into service. Equipment is used to prepare the land, sow seeds, apply fertilizer, and harvest crops. Plows, tractors, combines, and other machinery are required for large-scale farming operations. Gardens can be tended with hand tools such as hoes and shovels. Buildings are needed to store equipment and supplies and protect against the weather. Barns, greenhouses, and sheds are common structures on farms.

How Much Time Is Involved in Each Activity?

The time involved in each activity can vary greatly depending on the size of your farm or garden and the type of crops you are growing. For example, if you have a small backyard garden, you may only need to spend a few hours each week watering, weeding, and harvesting your crops. However, if you have a large farm with hundreds of acres of land, you may need to hire workers to help with the daily tasks.

What Kinds of Skills Are Needed For Each Activity?


  • A farmer needs to have business skills to be successful. This includes bookkeeping, marketing, and sales skills.
  • Farmers need to be able to understand and use farm equipment. They also need to know how to repair and maintain that equipment.
  • Farmers need to have good animal husbandry skills. This includes knowing how to care for the health and welfare of the animals on the farm.
  • Farmers also need to have good crop production skills. This includes knowing how to grow crops and manage pests and diseases.


  • Gardeners need to have good plant knowledge. They should know which plants are best for their climate and soil type.
  • Gardeners need to be able to identify pests and diseases. They should also know how to control them without using harmful chemicals.
  • Gardeners need to have good watering skills. They should know how often to water their plants and how much water they need.
  • Gardeners also need to have good pruning skills. They should know when and how to prune their plants for optimal growth.

Choosing The Right Option for You

Choosing the right option for you will depend on a number of factors. Farming may be the better option if you have a large amount of land. If you have a smaller amount of land or want to grow food for your family, then gardening may be the better option. There are other considerations, such as whether you want to sell your product.

Here are some things to consider when choosing between farming and gardening:

  • How much land do you have?
  • What is your climate like?
  • What are your soil conditions like?
  • How much time do you have to devote to this activity?
  • Do you want to sell your products or just grow them for your family?

If you consider all of these factors, you should be able to decide which option is right for you.

Tips For Farming and Gardening Success

Farming and gardening are two very different activities, but both can be extremely rewarding. If you’re considering getting into either of these pursuits, it’s important to understand their key differences. Once you know what sets farming and gardening apart, you’ll be able to choose the option that’s right for you.

Here are some tips for farming and gardening success:

  • Know your climate zone. This is critical for both farmers and gardeners. You need to know what grows well in your area and what doesn’t. This information will help you choose the right plants and care for them properly.
  • Start small. Don’t try to take on too much too soon. It’s better to start small and expand gradually than to bite off more than you can chew.
  • Have a plan. Whether you’re growing vegetables or flowers, it’s important to have a plan. Decide what you want to grow and when you want to plant them. Then, ensure you have the appropriate seeds or bulbs on hand when it’s time to start.
  • Be patient. Farming and gardening take time, so don’t expect instant results. Be patient and enjoy the process, watching as your plants slowly grow and mature over the course of the season.
  • Stay organized. Both farming and gardening can be messy endeavors, so it’s important to stay organized. Keep track of your tools, supplies, and plantings. Label everything clearly and store them in an orderly fashion.
  • Invest in quality tools and supplies. You get what you pay for, so don’t skimp on quality regarding your tools and supplies. Good quality items will last longer and make the process of gardening or farming much easier.
  • Learn from your mistakes. There’s no shame in making mistakes as long as you learn from them. Pay attention to what works and what doesn’t so you can improve your results next time.
  • Enjoy yourself! Farming and gardening can be hard work, but they can also be incredibly rewarding activities that bring you a sense of satisfaction and pride. So don’t forget to take a moment to appreciate nature’s beauty!


We’ve looked at the key differences between farming and gardening, and now you’re better equipped to decide which option is best for your lifestyle. Both offer great benefits that come with different levels of commitment. If you’re looking for a low-commitment hobby or activity, then gardening is probably the better choice for you; but if you want something more hands-on and labor-intensive, farming may be right up your alley. Regardless of your chosen path, we believe both options provide incredible rewards when done properly.

Frequently Asked Questions:

What are the differences between a garden and a farm?

There are many differences between a garden and a farm. For one, gardens are typically much smaller in size than farms. They also require less maintenance than farms, as they are usually only home to a few plants or flowers. Gardens also typically have more ornamental features than farms, such as fountains or statues, whereas farms tend to be more functional. Finally, gardens are generally located near people’s homes, while farms are usually found in more rural areas.

What is the difference between farming and agriculture?

Farming and agriculture are both ways of growing food and other crops, but there are some key differences between the two. For one, farming is typically done on a smaller scale than agriculture. Farms are usually family-owned and operated, while agriculture is more of an industry. Agriculture uses more technology and mechanization than farming, often relying on chemicals to boost crop growth. Farming is more traditional and organic, using methods like crop rotation to maintain soil health. Farming and agriculture are important for feeding the world, but they each have unique approaches.

What is called farming?

Farming is an agricultural process that involves the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock. Farming can be done on a large scale, with farmers using mechanized equipment to plant and harvest crops, or on a smaller scale, with farmers using traditional methods to grow and care for their crops. Livestock farming includes raising animals such as cows, pigs, sheep, and chickens. Farmers may also keep bees for honey production.

What is considered a garden?

A garden is typically defined as a plot of land for growing plants, flowers, or vegetables. Gardens are often found in private homes but can also be found in public parks or open spaces. Community gardens are another type of garden that a group or organization usually manages, and anyone can usually sign up to help take care of the garden.